Corns and Calluses

What are Corns and Calluses?

Corns usually form on toes and the sole of the feet. They are small, thick conical shaped circles of dead skin with a central point which build on areas of high pressure and friction.   A soft corn  occurs between the toes and is whitish and rubbery.  They are commonly caused by wearing ill fitting footwear. Corns occur overlying a bone and they can also be a symptom of problems such as Bunions and Hammertoes.

Calluses are hard and rough-feeling areas of skin that can develop on the foot anywhere there is repeated friction.  


The most common causes of corns and calluses include  

  • Poorly fitting footwear  
  • Deformity 
  • Gait abnormalities


The most common symptoms of corns and calluses include but are not limited to:

  • Pain on direct pressure
  • Hard pads of skin visible on high pressure areas
  • Tenderness


Treatments for corns and calluses include:

  • Removing the cause of pressure or friction
  • Hard skin removal