What is a Bunion?

A bunion is a deformity of the bones in your big toe. The big toe points in the direction of the other toes on the same foot, this may cause the bone (first metatarsal to stick outwards causing a bump.


The most common causes of a bunion include but are not limited to:

  • Arthritis
  • Shoes that do not fit properly
  • Genetics
  • Connective tissue laxity
  • Toe trauma


The most common symptoms of a bunion include:

  • A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
  • Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
  • Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
  • Corns or calluses — when the first and second toes overlap
  • Pain
  • Restricted movement of the big toe



 Bunions do not require medical treatment but symptoms may be relieved by the use of:

  • Orthotics
  • Bunion pads
  • Painkillers
  • Wearing better fitting footwear
  • Splinting the big toe
  • Surgery is a last resort